Tag Archives: politics

Three Key Techniques Trump Uses to Insulate Himself from Criticism and Consequence

On a recent episode of his HBO show, Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, host John Oliver discussed President Donald Trump and the impact of his presidency. I thought Oliver’s analysis was excellent, so I’m providing it here, edited for content.


President Trump has three key techniques that he uses to insulate himself from criticism and consequence. And if we are not careful, all three could have serious impacts that far outlast his presidency. Let’s start with the first one…

Delegitimizing the Media

Now, Trump has been attacking the press since he declared his candidacy. The difference now is he’s crying “fake news” as President of the United States, and he is openly proud of it, to the point that he recently tried to take ownership of the term itself.

Trump: “The media is… is — really the word — I think one of the greatest of all terms I’ve come up with is ‘fake.’ I guess other people have used it, perhaps, over the years, but I’ve never noticed it.”

He just took credit for inventing the term “fake news,” which, for the record, he did not.

And you can imagine him saying, “Well, I’m not the first politician to criticize the press. What about Hillary Clinton? What about Barack Obama? What about Bernie Sanders?”

And that actually brings us to Trump’s second technique…

Whataboutism

It’s the practice of changing the subject to someone else’s perceived wrongdoing. Trump does this all the time.

This technique of saying “what about” is actually an old Soviet propaganda tool, and the reason it is dangerous is because it implies that all actions, regardless of context, share a moral equivalency. And since nobody is perfect, all criticism is hypocritical, and everybody should do whatever they want.

It is a depressingly effective tool, which is why, on Trump’s favorite network, you hear it all the time.

Fox News clips:

  • “The mainstream media focused on the Trump campaign and allegations of collusion with the Russians. But what about the Democrats’ possible ties to Moscow?”
  • “Former national security adviser General Michael Flynn, investigated for his private meeting with Russia — but what about Hillary Clinton?”
  • “The media wants to call into question the credibility and the trustworthiness of this administration, but what about Benghazi? What about the blatant lies that the Obama administration told us? What about the fact that Ben Rhodes bragged about lying to the media and the public about the Iran deal? What about the fact that Jonathan Gruber basically said the American people were stupid?”

OK, stop. Because here is the thing: none of the errors those people may have made in the past excuse the Trump administration’s actions. A defense attorney could not stand up in court and say, “Maybe my client did murder those people, but I ask you this… What about Jeffrey Dahmer? What about Al Capone? I rest my case.”

The problem with whataboutism is it doesn’t actually solve a problem or win an argument. The point is just to muddy the waters, which can make the other side mad, and that actually brings us to Trump’s third technique…

Trolling

Trolling itself has been around for years. It’s basically 80 percent of what happens on the Internet. It’s when a YouTube commenter says something willfully provocative, like saying, “[You]’ve aged like an apple core in a dumpster,” or that [you] “look like a pickle with glasses.” It doesn’t matter whether they mean any of that — the point is just to get a reaction and to hurt my feelings.

Trump may well be the first ever troll to be elected president. As a troll, Trump often does things that have no effect other than to anger his perceived enemies. Like when he tweeted a wrestling GIF of himself body slamming CNN, or attacked Mika Brzezinski by saying she was “bleeding badly from a face-lift,” or called a leader with nuclear weapons “short and fat.” And Trump even once retweeted a claim that he was the most superior troll on the whole of Twitter, calling it “a great compliment.” Which it is not, because sometimes when you do something that makes a lot of people mad, it’s because you’re a jerk.

But the thing is, Trump’s trolling is not actually without political value. Despite Trump’s few real policy accomplishments to date, he has consistently achieved one thing, and that is making his enemies unhappy. And for many Trump supporters, that itself counts as a major victory.

Just listen to how Fox & Friends reacted after Trump freaked people out by standing with military leaders during rising tensions with North Korea and suggesting that it was the “calm before the storm.”

I feel like he’s trolling the media.

He is — I think he’s totally trolling the media there. You do something like that — even the smile and the wink.

Those of us that are sick of the status quo, the forgotten men and women who voted for President Trump, want that town to freak out. I want those reporters going, “What do you mean? What do you mean?” It’s beautiful to watch.

Is it? Why? I’m genuinely serious. Who benefits from mass confusion about whether or not we’re about to go to war? Are there thousands of unemployed factory workers across the Midwest going, “Well, the plant closed down, and I lost my healthcare, but somewhere, a Washington Post reporter is scared of dying, so things are looking up. #MAGA!”

The surest proof of trolling often comes when a troll is confronted. Because that’s when they either have to put up or shut up. You may have heard about cases where people tracked down the source of something awful that was posted online, only to find some sullen fifteen-year old who just shrugs and goes, “Well, I don’t know why I wrote that. I just did it. Stop asking me so many questions!”

That is basically our president now. Remember when Trump said that Obama surveilled him in Trump Tower, tweeting, “How low has President Obama gone to tapp [sic] my phones?” Watch what happens when he was asked to justify that.

Trump: Well, you saw what happened with the surveillance, and I think that was inappropriate. That’s the way…

Reporter: What does that mean, sir?

Trump: Uh, you can figure that out yourself.

Reporter: Well, the reason I ask is you said he was — you called him “sick and bad.”

Trump: Look, you can figure it out for yourself. He was very nice to me with words, but — and when I was with him — but after that, there has been no relationship.

Reporter: But you stand by that claim about him?

Trump: I don’t stand by anything. I just, uh… You can take it the way you want.

OK, so let’s just walk through what happened there. On the Internet, he claimed that his predecessor committed an extremely serious crime. But in person, he is suddenly backing down, first saying Obama was “very nice to me with words,” then that, “I don’t stand by anything.” Which is one of the most frighteningly nihilistic sentences a president can say.

It gets worse because that interview kept going, and Trump was explicitly given the opportunity to set the record straight for the “fake news media,” but he flat-out refused.

Reporter: I just wanted to find out — you’re the President of the United States. You said he was “sick and bad” because he attacked you…

Trump: You can take it any way — you can take it any way you want.

Reporter: But I’m asking you, because you don’t want it to be fake news. I want to hear it from President Trump.

Trump: You don’t have to ask me.

Reporter: Why not?

Trump: Because I have my own opinions, you can have your own opinions.

Reporter: But I want to know your opinions. You’re the President of the United States.

Trump: OK, that’s enough. Thank you. Thank you very much.

While there is nothing new about any of these techniques, they are now coming out of the Oval Office, which not only legitimizes them, it risks them spreading, and that, sadly, is happening.

Last month, Congressman Paul Gosar used all three techniques. First, he suggested in an interview that the March in Charlottesville may have been a “false flag” operation created by the left, which is pretty troll-y behavior. And when confronted about it, he deployed the other two tools.

Reporter: It’s all been debunked.

Gosar: It’s not been debunked. Absolutely not debunked whatsoever. So stay tuned.

Reporter: The conspiracy theory that you have put out there has been debunked.

Gosar: It has not been debunked. Look at what CNN has talked about with what’s going on with the Clinton administration right now with the dossier. Hardly an aspect in regards to debunk. You’re not real news, you’re fake news.

Reporter: Sir, everything you’ve said has been debunked. Why are you putting this out there?

Gosar [walking away]: Fake news. Fake news.

So he’s basically just copying Trump. And if there is one thing that is worse than something terrible, it’s a cover band of that terrible thing. If Trump is Nickelback, that man is Bickelnack — not as good as the original, and a horrible sign that the disease is spreading.

The problem is, if that becomes the level of discourse in this country, we are seriously in trouble. And just this week, we saw some of these techniques pushed to the absolute limit by the scandal involving Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore, who has denied allegations of sexual misconduct with a 14-year old when he was 32, and called them “fake news.”

Now watch Sean Hannity use whataboutism to derail a discussion about it.

Geraldo Rivera: This 14-year old girl, purportedly, according to the Washington Post, told two of her girlfriends what happened in real time.

Sean Hannity: Here’s a tough question — do you think Bill Clinton, in retrospect, was a predator?

But that is not what this discussion is about. You might as well have said, “Here’s a tough question — if you had to guess, how many lobsters are there? Like, total, in the world?” Is that worth discussing? Sure, but first let’s finish talking about the Senate candidate who may have made sexual advances on a child. Whether Clinton engaged in predatory behavior is absolutely a legitimate question, but it shouldn’t really inform what we do about Roy Moore. And even if you believe the Democrats are guilty of a double standard, the solution is not to have no standard whatsoever.

That is why it’s so important to train ourselves to identify these techniques, because their natural endpoint is the erosion of our ability to decide what’s important, have an honest debate, and hold one another accountable.

I am ______

Today I am…

Today is January 20, 2017, the Inauguration Day when Donald J. Trump has taken the oath of office and become the 45th President of the United States. This is a day fraught with emotion for many people, so I want to record my thoughts for today.

Today I am…

…convinced that God is in control

God has made it clear in the Bible that He has not only established government, but that He also controls who is in charge of government.

Romans 13:1

Let everyone submit to the governing authorities, since there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are instituted by God.

Psalm 22:27-28

All the ends of the earth will remember and turn to the LORD. All the families of the nations will bow down before You, for kingship belongs to the LORD; He rules the nations.

Romans 9:17

For the Scripture tells Pharaoh, I raised you up for this reason so that I may display My power in you and that My name may be proclaimed in the whole earth.

Daniel 2:20-21

May the name of God be praised forever and ever, for wisdom and power belong to Him. He changes the times and the seasons; He removes kings and establishes kings. He gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding.

Daniel 4:17

This word is by decree of the watchers, and the decision is by command from the Holy Ones. This is so that the living will know that the Most High is ruler over human kingdoms. He gives them to anyone He wants and sets the lowliest of people over them.

Isaiah 45:1

The LORD says this to Cyrus, His anointed, whose right hand I have grasped, to subdue nations before him and disarm kings, to open doors before him, and even city gates will not be shut: “I will go before you and level the uneven places; I will shatter the bronze doors and cut the iron bars in two. I will give you the treasures of darkness and riches from secret places, so that you may know that I am the LORD. I am the God of Israel, who calls you by your name. I call you by your name, for the sake of my servant Jacob and Israel My chosen one. I give a name to you, though you do not know Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other; there is no God but Me. I will strengthen you, though you do not know Me, so that all may know from the rising of the sun to its setting that there is no one but Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other.”

Proverbs 21:1

A king’s heart is like channeled water in the LORD’s hand: He directs it wherever He chooses.

Matthew 28:18

Jesus came near and said to them, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.”

…thankful for President Obama’s service and leadership

Whether or not you agreed with his politics or policies, I believe that President Obama led this nation with courage and grace. He loved his wife and daughters with a deep commitment. He respected others and encouraged diversity. And he leaves the office with a legacy that is unmarked by personal scandal.

…praying for our new President, Donald J. Trump

I watched President Trump’s inaugural address today, and tried my best to do so with an open mind. I am praying for him as he leads our nation, that he will have integrity, wisdom, courage, and compassion. I acknowledge his position as president, and support him and submit to his leadership, as we are instructed to do in Scripture.

1 Timothy 2:1-3

First of all, then, I urge that petitions, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for everyone, for kings and all those who are in authority, so that we may lead a tranquil and quiet life in all godliness and dignity. This is good, and it please God our Savior, who wants everyone to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

Jeremiah 29:7

Pursue the well-being of the city I have deported you to. Pray to the LORD on its behalf, for when it thrives, you will thrive.

1 Peter 2:13-17

Submit to every human authority because of the Lord, whether to the emperor as the supreme authority or to governors as those sent out by him to punish those who do what is evil and to praise those who do what is good. For it is God’s will that you silence the ignorance of foolish people by doing good. Submit as free people, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil, but as God’s slaves. Honor everyone. Love the brothers and sisters. Fear God. Honor the emperor.

…thankful to live in America

May I not take for granted this peaceful transition of power as one president leaves office and another takes the office.

May I not take for granted the opportunity to be involved in the election process, regardless of the outcome.

May I not take for granted the right to speak freely.

May I not take for granted the joy of worshiping God and attending church freely.

May I not take for granted the privilege that it is to be an American.

…looking forward to the day when Jesus Christ reigns forever

I know that I will not live in this world forever. My time on earth is limited. Yet I also have the promise and assurance of a blessed eternal life with God my Savior.

John 14:1-3

Don’t let your heart be troubled. Believe in God, believe also in Me. In My Father’s house are many rooms; if not, I would have told you. I am going away to prepare a place for you. If I go away and prepare a place for you, I will come again and take you to Myself, so that where I am you may be also.

Isaiah 9:6-7

For a Child will be born for us, a Son will be given to us, and the government will be on His shoulders. He will be named Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. The dominion will be vast, and its prosperity will never end. He will reign on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish and sustain it with justice and righteousness from now on and forever. The zeal of the LORD of Armies will accomplish this.

Revelation 19:11-16

Then I saw heaven opened, and there was a white horse. Its rider is called Faithful and True, and He judges and makes ware with justice. His eyes were like a fiery flame, and many crowns were on His head. He had a name written that no one knows except Himself. He wore a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called the Word of God. The armies that were in heaven followed Him on white horses, wearing pure white linen. A sharp sword came from His mouth, so that He might strike the nations with it. He will rule them with an iron rod. He will also trample the winepress of the fierce anger of God, the Almighty. And He has a name written on His robe and on His thigh: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

Finally, I close with this prayer of our first president, George Washington:

Almighty God, we make our earnest prayer that Thou wilt keep the United States in Thy holy protection, that Thou wilt incline the hearts of the citizens to cultivate a spirit of subordination and obedience to government; and entertain a brotherly affection and love for one another and for their fellow citizens of the United States of America at large. And finally, that Thou wilt most graciously be pleased to dispose us to do justice, to love mercy, and to demean ourselves with that charity, humility, and pacific temper of mind which were the characteristics of the Divine Author of our blessed religion, and without whose example in these things we can never hope to be a happy nation. Grant our supplication, we beseech Thee, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Ronald Reagan's 1981 inaugural address

Ronald Reagan’s 1981 Inaugural Address

The following is the inaugural address that Ronald Reagan gave on January 20, 1981, when he began his first term as President of the United States.

Senator Hatfield, Mr. Chief Justice, Mr. President, Vice President Bush, Vice President Mondale, Senator Baker, Speaker O’Neill, Reverend Moomaw, and my fellow citizens:

To a few of us here today this is a solemn and most momentous occasion, and yet in the history of our nation it is a commonplace occurrence. The orderly transfer of authority as called for in the Constitution routinely takes place, as it has for almost two centuries, and few of us stop to think how unique we really are. In the eyes of many in the world, this every four-year ceremony we accept as normal is nothing less than a miracle.

Mr. President, I want our fellow citizens to know how much you did to carry on this tradition. By your gracious cooperation in the transition process, you have shown a watching world that we are a united people pledged to maintaining a political system which guarantees individual liberty to a greater degree than any other, and I thank you and your people for all your help in maintaining the continuity which is the bulwark of our Republic.

The business of our nation goes forward. These United States are confronted with an economic affliction of great proportions. We suffer from the longest and one of the worst sustained inflations in our national history. It distorts our economic decisions, penalizes thrift, and crushes the struggling young and the fixed-income elderly alike. It threatens to shatter the lives of millions of our people.

Idle industries have cast workers into unemployment, human misery, and personal indignity. Those who do work are denied a fair return for their labor by a tax system which penalizes successful achievement and keeps us from maintaining full productivity.

But great as our tax burden is, it has not kept pace with public spending. For decades we have piled deficit upon deficit, mortgaging our future and our children’s future for the temporary convenience of the present. To continue this long trend is to guarantee tremendous social, cultural, political, and economic upheavals.

You and I, as individuals, can, by borrowing, live beyond our means, but for only a limited period of time. Why, then, should we think that collectively, as a nation, we’re not bound by that same limitation? We must act today in order to preserve tomorrow. And let there be no misunderstanding: We are going to be begin to act, beginning today.

The economic ills we suffer have come upon us over several decades. They will not go away in days, weeks, or months, but they will go away. They will go away because we as Americans have the capacity now, as we’ve had in the past, to do whatever needs to be done to preserve this last and greatest bastion of freedom.

In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem. From time to time we’ve been tempted to believe that society has become too complex to be managed by self-rule, that government by an elite group is superior to government for, by, and of the people. Well, if no one among us is capable of governing himself, then who among us has the capacity to govern someone else? All of us together, in and out of government, must bear the burden. The solutions we seek must be equitable, with no one group singled out to pay a higher price.

We hear much of special interest groups. Well, our concern must be for a special interest group that has been too long neglected. It knows no sectional boundaries or ethnic and racial divisions, and it crosses political party lines. It is made up of men and women who raise our food, patrol our streets, man our mines and factories, teach our children, keep our homes, and heal us when we’re sick — professionals, industrialists, shopkeepers, clerks, cabbies, and truck drivers. They are, in short, “We the people,” this breed called Americans.

Well, this administration’s objective will be a healthy, vigorous, growing economy that provides equal opportunities for all Americans, with no barriers born of bigotry or discrimination. Putting America back to work means putting all Americans back to work. Ending inflation means freeing all Americans from the terror of runaway living costs. All must share in the productive work of this “new beginning,” and all must share in the bounty of a revived economy. With the idealism and fair play which are the core of our system and our strength, we can have a strong and prosperous America, at peace with itself and the world.

So, as we begin, let us take inventory. We are a nation that has a government — not the other way around. And this makes us special among the nations of the Earth. Our government has no power except that granted it by the people. It is time to check and reverse the growth of government, which shows signs of having grown beyond the consent of the governed.

It is my intention to curb the size and influence of the Federal establishment and to demand recognition of the distinction between the powers granted to the Federal Government and those reserved to the States or to the people. All of us need to be reminded that the Federal Government did not create the States; the States created the Federal Government.

Now, so there will be no misunderstanding, it’s not my intention to do away with government. It is rather to make it work — work with us, not over us; to stand by our side, not ride on our back. Government can and must provide opportunity, not smother it; foster productivity, not stifle it.

If we look to the answer as to why for so many years we achieved so much, prospered as no other people on Earth, it was because here in this land we unleashed the energy and individual genius of man to a greater extent than has ever been done before. Freedom and the dignity of the individual have been more available and assured here than in any other place on Earth. The price for this freedom at times has been high, but we have never been unwilling to pay that price.

It is no coincidence that our present troubles parallel and are proportionate to the intervention and intrusion in our lives that result from unnecessary and excessive growth of government. It is time for us to realize that we’re too great a nation to limit ourselves to small dreams. We’re not, as some would have us believe, doomed to an inevitable decline. I do not believe in a fate that will fall on us no matter what we do. I do believe in a fate that will fall on us if we do nothing. So, with all the creative energy at our command, let us begin an era of national renewal. Let us renew our determination, our courage, and our strength. And let us renew our faith and our hope.

We have every right to dream heroic dreams. Those who say that we’re in a time when there are not heroes, they just don’t know where to look. You can see heroes every day going in and out of factory gates. Others, a handful in number, produce enough food to feed all of us and then the world beyond. You meet heroes across a counter, and they’re on both sides of that counter. There are entrepreneurs with faith in themselves and faith in an idea who create new jobs, new wealth and opportunity. They’re individuals and families whose taxes support the government and whose voluntary gifts support church, charity, culture, art, and education. Their patriotism is quiet, but deep. Their values sustain our national life.

Now, I have used the words “they” and “their” in speaking of these heroes. I could say “you” and “your,” because I’m addressing the heroes of whom I speak — you, the citizens of this blessed land. Your dreams, your hopes, your goals are going to be the dreams, the hopes, and the goals of this administration, so help me God.

We shall reflect the compassion that is so much a part of your makeup. How can we love our country and not love our countrymen; and loving them, reach out a hand when they fall, heal them when they’re sick, and provide opportunity to make them self-sufficient so they will be equal in fact and not just in theory?

Can we solve the problems confronting us? Well, the answer is an unequivocal and emphatic “yes.” To paraphrase Winston Churchill, I did not take the oath I’ve just taken with the intention of presiding over the dissolution of the world’s strongest economy.

In the days ahead I will propose removing the roadblocks that have slowed our economy and reduced productivity. Steps will be taken, aimed at restoring the balance between the various levels of government. Progress may be slow, measured in inches and feet, not miles, but we will progress. It is time to reawaken this industrial giant, to get government back within its means, and to lighten our punitive tax burden. And these will be our first priorities, and on these principles there will be no compromise.

On the eve of our struggle for independence a man who might have been one of the greatest among the Founding Fathers, Dr. Joseph Warren, president of the Massachusetts Congress, said to his fellow Americans, “Our country is in danger, but not to be despaired of… On you depend the fortunes of America. You are to decide the important questions upon which rests the happiness and the liberty of millions yet unborn. Act worthy of yourselves.”

Dr. Joseph Warren

Dr. Joseph Warren

Well, I believe we, the Americans of today, are ready to act worthy of ourselves, ready to do what must be done to ensure happiness and liberty for ourselves, our children, and our children’s children. And as we renew ourselves here in our own land, we will be seen as having greater strength throughout the world. We will again be the exemplar of freedom and a beacon of hope for those who do not now have freedom.

To those neighbors and allies who share our freedom, we will strengthen our historic ties and assure them of our support and firm commitment. We will match loyalty with loyalty. We will strive for mutually beneficial relations. We will not use our friendship to impose on their sovereignty, for our own sovereignty is not for sale.

As for the enemies of freedom, those who are potential adversaries, they will be reminded that peace is the highest aspiration of the American people. We will negotiate for it, sacrifice for it; we will not surrender for it, now or ever.

Our forbearance should never be misunderstood. Our reluctance for conflict should not be misjudged as a failure of will. When action is required to preserve our national security, we will act. We will maintain sufficient strength to prevail if need be, knowing that if we do so we have the best chance of never having to use that strength.

Above all, we must realize that no arsenal or no weapon in the arsenals of the world is so formidable as the will and moral courage of free men and women. It is a weapon our adversaries in today’s world do not have. It is a weapon that we as Americans do have. Let that be understood by those who practice terrorism and prey upon their neighbors.

I’m told that tens of thousands of prayer meetings are being held on this day, and for that I’m deeply grateful. We are a nation under God, and I believe God intended for us to be free. It would be fitting and good, I think, if on each Inaugural Day in future years it should be declared a day of prayer.

This is the first time in our history that this ceremony has been held, as you’ve been told, on this West Front of the Capitol. Standing here, one faces a magnificent vista, opening up on this city’s special beauty and history. At the end of this open mall are those shrines to the giants on whose shoulders we stand.

West Front of the U.S. Capitol

West Front of the U.S. Capitol

Directly in front of me, the monument to a monumental man, George Washington, father of our country. A man of humility who came to greatness reluctantly. He led America out of revolutionary victory into infant nationhood. Off to one side, the stately memorial to Thomas Jefferson. The Declaration of Independence flames with his eloquence. And then, beyond the Reflecting Pool, the dignified columns of the Lincoln Memorial. Whoever would understand in his heart the meaning of America will find it in the life of Abraham Lincoln.

Beyond those monuments to heroism is the Potomac River, and on the far shore the sloping hills of Arlington National Cemetery, with its row upon row of simple white markers bearing crosses or Stars of David. They add up to only a tiny fraction of the price that has been paid for our freedom.

Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington National Cemetery

Each one of those markers is a monument to the kind of hero I spoke of earlier. Their lives ended in places called Belleau Wood, The Argonne, Omaha Beach, Salerno, and halfway around the world on Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Pork Chop Hill, the Chosin Reservoir, and in a hundred rice paddies and jungles of a place called Vietnam.

Under one such marker lies a young man, Martin Treptow, who left his job in a small town barbershop in 1917 to go to France with the famed Rainbow Division. There, on the western front, he was killed trying to carry a message between battalions under heavy fire.

We’re told that on his body was found a diary. On the flyleaf under the heading, “My Pledge,” he had written these words: “America must win this war. Therefore I will work, I will save, I will sacrifice, I will endure, I will fight cheerfully and do my utmost, as if the issue of the whole struggle depended on me alone.”

The crisis we are facing today does not require of us the kind of sacrifice that Martin Treptow and so many thousands of others were called upon to make. It does require, however, our best effort and our willingness to believe in ourselves and to believe in our capacity to perform great deeds, to believe that together with God’s help we can and will resolve the problems which now confront us.

And after all, why shouldn’t we believe that? We are Americans.

God bless you, and thank you.